L’Chaim! To life! And what a life Fiddler on the Roof has had. Since its 1964 Broadway debut, more than a half-century of sunrises and sunsets have set on the musical by Jerry Bock (music) and Sheldon Harnick (lyrics), with book by Joseph Stein, based on Czarist Russia stories by Sholom Aleichem. It’s become one the most beloved musicals of all time, with its timeless score winning the hearts of millions the world over.

Fiddler is as sure-fire a draw today as back then. It’s a favorite of regional theaters – even high schools. Every Broadway revival has been a blockbuster. There’ve been six—including the current acclaimed production by Tony and Drama Desk Awards winner Bartlett Sher (The King and I, South Pacific) starring Danny Burstein and Jessica Hecht; four West End productions and U.K. tours; in addition to thousands of multi-language stagings.

In “Tradition! The Highly Improbable, Ultimately Triumphant Broadway-to-Hollywood Story of Fiddler on the Roof, the World's Most Beloved Musical,” author Barbara Isenberg takes readers beyond the stage with interviews with the stars of the original production (which played 3, 242 performances from 1964-1972) and the film adaptation starring Israel’s Topol; as well as celebrated producer/director Hal Prince, Harnick, the late Stein, and such Fiddler stage stars as Topol, Alfred Molina, Randy Graff, and—get this—Leonard Nimoy.

There are memorable tales of original star Zero Mostel, beloved by audiences and loathed by many contemporaries for his stage antics (ad-libbing, scene-stealing). However, he was held in high esteem for his stinging 1950s testimony before the House Committee on Un-American Activities and rebukes of “Commie hunter” Senator Joseph McCarthy. Mostel was one of the rare ones who emerged from the stigma of being blacklisted.

Off Broadway, he became become the acclaimed star of Ulysses in Nighttown, the much-accoladed play based on the novel “Ulysses,” where Mostel was even compared to Olivier. He went on to win Tony Awards in 1961 for Ionesco’s Rhinoceros; and1962’s A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum by Sondheim, Burt Shevelove, and Larry Gelbart. Success followed onscreen in Mel Brooks’s “The Producers,” with Mostel winning a Best Actor Golden Globe.

Mostel was an inspired choice for Tevye (as was actress and prima ballerina Maria Karnilova as Golde), but the path to the stage wasn’t easy. In Funny Thing, the actor had terrible clashes with the equally egocentric Jerome Robbins, whom he despised because of the latter’s testimony before the HUAC that ruined careers of many actors. Mostel ridiculed him in front of the cast and in public and gave him the silent treatment. Yet, somehow, a hit emerged.

Though an Orthodox Jew, Mostel wasn’t keen on playing Tevye when Stein first approached. Mostel’s name on a marquee meant ticket sales, and he had other options. As the score grew, especially with traditional Yiddish references, Mostel mellowed. With Robbins aboard, he was leery and wouldn’t commit. Danny Thomas, Alan King, Rod Steiger, Tom Bosley, and Walter Matthau were considered. But Robbins felt none were as larger-than-life as Mostel. He wrote him, “Don’t let me do this show without you.”

Tensions were not as evident this time, but Mostel lectured Robbins on Jewish traditions and Yiddish sayings. The director did his homework. The show was nominated for 10 Tonys, and won nine, including Best Musical. Mostel’s win was his third.

In 1972, Fiddler on the Roof became the longest running show in Broadway history, an honor held for eight years.


Ellis Nassour
Tradition!: The Highly Improbable, Ultimately Triumphant Broadway-to-Hollywood Story of Fiddler on the Roof, the World's Most Beloved Musical (St. Martin/Griffin; Trade paper; 240 pages; Index; SRP $16) by Barbara Isenberg. There are 10 pages of B&W photos, along with 21 pages of source notes.
February 2016
A Look at "Tradition!", Barbara Isenberg's History of the Show